Tuesday, December 21, 2010

7. Smoking

Water pipes are a popular way to smoke in South China

From the World Health Organization:
  • About 67% of men smoke, and 4% of women.
  • Among youths, about a third of male teens smoke and nearly 8% of females.
  • One of every three cigarettes consumed worldwide is smoked in China.
  • Smoking will kill about a third of all young Chinese men alive (under 30 years).
  • About 3,000 people die every day in China due to smoking.
  • There are more than 300 million Chinese smokers - more than the entire US population. They consume an estimated 1.7 trillion cigarettes per year - or 3 million cigarettes every minute.
  • China is the world's largest tobacco producer, accounting for about a quarter of the global tobacco leaf production.
  • China used to be closed to tobacco multinationals. But in the last two decades, with the opening up of the Chinese economy, multinationals have been aggressively fighting for a piece of the Chinese market, seen as a "prize" market.
  • In 1990, 68% of male physicians were smokers and 65% of teachers.
  • Smoking contributes to four of the five leading causes of death in China today.
  • In 1993, WHO estimated that while China gained $5 billion in tobacco taxes, the country lost $7.8 billion in productivity and additional health care costs.
  • A study in Minhang district found smokers spent an average of 60% of their personal income and 17% of household income on cigarettes.
  • In Hong Kong, tobacco companies spent an estimated $63 million on all forms or advertising and promotion in 1995.

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